SDN paves the way for enterprise mobility
Software defined networking, SDN, is expected to transform networks in the same way virtualisation has done for the server and storage industry.
The server and storage industry have undergone an enormous transformation in the last decade thanks to virtualisation. The networking industry is expected to undergo a similar transformation with the birth of an emerging paradigm - software defined networking (SDN). Much like storage and server virtualisation, this approach to networking is expected to bring a lot of benefits.
SDN, in its simplest form, means disengaging control from the hardware and engaging control with software running in ordinary virtualised servers. Such an approach has been embraced by some of the largest enterprises in the world, such as Google, Facebook and Amazon. Google is the largest network operator in terms of traffic, and its work in the SDN environment certainly signals the growth of SDN as an emerging trend for the enterprise space.
SDN is still in its early stages, but it has already proven useful in large-scale internet data centres run by IT giants such as those mentioned above. Public and private cloud providers are expected to adopt SDN at an increasing pace. While its usefulness in a typical enterprise data centre is still to be proven, there are certain aspects of the SDN technology that can be useful to smaller enterprises immediately. An increase in cloud services has led to BYOD and enterprise mobility being seen as significant drivers for this SDN market.
The traditional networking industry is characterised by complexity, high price, high margins to the device vendor and a lack of flexibility and control to adapt to changing business requirements. Virtualisation has provided benefits to the compute and storage layer, and the same principles are being tried in the networking world too.
In the networking hardware gear (switches, routers) there are two important functionalities:
- Data Plane - the real hardware of wires, ports and electrical signals.
- Control Plane - an embedded software that determines where the packets are sent. This embedded software runs inside the networking gear in custom-built processors.
In SDN, the data plane remains in the networking gear but the control plane becomes a piece of software that can run in any virtualised server. This provides a lot more control over forwarding and shaping the traffic in a cost-effective way. An easy way to visualise this would be to use the example of smartphones - for the same given hardware, a smartphone can provide new and advanced functionality with just a software update.
The cost-effectiveness of SDN comes from two angles:
- The control plane software can be run in any virtualised server, much like any other software.
- The network admin can control the network collectively via a software interface instead of working with individual networking devices.
Moreover, once the server, storage and networking all become virtualised then a data centre becomes a software defined data centre (SDCC). In these cases, workloads can be easily moved between remote data centres, and network routing can be changed via software controls. This has been a key factor in SDN becoming a significant attraction for data centre operators.
Enterprise IT leaders are closely watching developments in SDN for both the benefits and challenges it brings, and how it can enhance mobility. SDN is expected to mark the beginning of a new era in networking.
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